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light to drill for oil. >> the u.n. says the long drawn out battle between government troops and rebels in the democratic republic of congo is drawing to a close. congolese soldiers are launching an assault to retake the last town held by armed fighters known as the m23 rebels. a bit of background. the m23 are a group of tute si fighters who defected from the government. the conflicts forced 800,000 people to flee their homes. the push by the congolese troops has been largely successful because they are backed by a u.n. prevention brigade sent to crush the rebels. the m23 fighters abandoned their military positions in the east and are confined to a small down close to the ugandan border called rumanagabo. >> they have been fighting hard for days. they are getting ready to fight again. they are congolese government troops and have taken a string of towns back from the m23 rebels. the fighters hold a town on the ugandan border, a few kilometres from here. the congolese tanks are getting ready for what the army says is a final push against the m23 rebels. the morale is high. they've had se
before fighting in the democratic republic of congo killed a u.n. peace keeper. the congolese army says it's taken over a number of towns from the m23. the rebels retreated to the rwandan border. they have threatened to pull out of peace talks in you ganda. >> three people have been killed in china's tiananmen square. a car crashed into pedestrians and into the crowd. several people, including a police officer, have been injured. the square has been evacuated. >> at least 21, 2.1 million syrian refugees in neighbouring countries are registered with the u.n. or awaiting registration. in syria the arabic groups are to arrive in damascus for talks, to meet the president and foreign minister. lakhdar brahimi is trying to build support for peace talks planned for geneva next month. the main rebel groups refused to take part. >> lakhdar brahimi's visit to damascus is part of a regional tour. he's visited iraq, egypt, kuwait, imam and kata and met the king of jordan in a country that hosts over half a million syrian refugees. on thursday he held talks with leaders of the free syrian army and o
of shooting hostages. we get the army's response to the allegations. >>> al jazerra obtains the first u.n. report on the destruction of syria's chemical weapons. we'll tell you what's in it. >> reporter: and i'll be reporting on how swarms of locust have eaten crops across 70% of madagascar and a new plan to kill them. ♪ ♪ >>> u.s. press barack obama has ordered a review of the national security agency intelligence operations acknowledge that go more constraints are needing. obama is being fiercely criticized over allegations the national security agency tapped german chancellor angela merkel's phone and snoop odd other european allies. white house spokesman jay karen said it would look to to the concerns of other country. here are the details. >> reporter: at the white house, the presidential spokesman refused to be drawn on the reports that the u.s. tracked millions of spanish foal calls but reported the nsa surveillance programs are being examined. >> we are conducting a review. we are mindful that some of these disclosure have his caused tension in our relationships. with new capa
and the chemical programs and how it plans to destroy it on time to the u.n. inspectors, so on one hand the syrian government feels at the moment we are satisfying the international community mainly the u.s. and russia and on the other side maybe at this particular moment we can still hold some ground. >> reporter: thanks for joining us from beirut. international inspectors completed the first phase of the mission to destroy syria's chemical weapons and say the government submitted a detailed plan to eliminate the stockpile. damascus allowed access to site and the plan is to destroy chemical weapons by the middle of next year. an explosion of gaza after an air strike and no injuries reported and israel said it targeted two hidden rocket launchers and it's a response of rockets fired from gaza early monday. early results in the presidential election said the ally and prime minister is headed for a big win and he has more than 62% of the votes and 90% counted and we report. >> celebrations to mark the end of aer roo and be be -- beginning of a new style of government in georgia and he will take the
-term elections killing off hopes of a third term. [gunfire] emergency talks with the u.n. after renewed fighting between government forces and m 23 rebels in the eastern democratic part of congo. they pray for a return home 65 years after being forced out. ♪ the u.n. arab league arrived for talks with the syrian government planned in geneva next month and he has been touring the region in the past week talking to all sides involved in the conflict and been to countries that support it like turkey and kanta and talks with groups against fighting with the government and met iran's new president who is a supporter in the region telling him the country's presence is vital for the geneva talks to succeed. and let's bring bill joining us live from beirut and i understand he drove from beirut to damascus and he is there, what is he going to do? >> well, he is due to meet with the syrian president bashir assad and foreign minister and this will be a very difficult mission, as difficult as it was in the past simply because the positions on either side have not changed much. the opposition still says it
. congo and the u.n. have consistently accused rwanda and uganda of supporting the rebels, although both of those countries deny it. in the recent days in the fighting when the m 23, it looks like they haven't been getting much support at all because the congolese army has just taken one town after the next. it was originally quite some heavy fighting, but it looks like the m 23 just got weaker and weaker. as we move forward today with government soldiers several times we came under fire but it was only fire of light weapons and m 23 was armed to the teeth with mortars and rockets. today they didn't have any of those kinds of weapons left, it seems. just some rifles and machine guns. >> to syria now where the red cross has brokered a deal to allow some people to leave a besieged suburb. the area is surrounded by government forces and thousands face starvation. the u.n. said there are still a million people trapped without aid across the country. >> reporter: this is a rare movement of relief and cooperation between regime forces, rebel groups and aid workers. some 1800 syrians have been
program reauthorised. james b. comey is the 7th director of the federal bureau of investigation. >> the u.n.'s special envoy to syria is in damascus on his latest round of diplomacy, trying to bring together all sides in the conflict to peace talks in geneva. rob matheson has the story. >> many called it a near impossible task - a return to damascus to muster some or, indeed, any enthusiasm for talks finding a way out of syria's crisis. it's not just a matter of getting two sides to the table. before that he has to try to knit together a fractured rebel opposition - much of which doesn't want to be involved. >> translation: the international community wants to support the syrian regime in geneva, they don't want to weaken them. that's why we reject the conference. when we see promises toppling the assad reej aim leading to an -- regime leading to an international court, then yes we will negotiate it. first there needs to be a statement. in the absence of political solution the military solution is the only one on the table. >> elsewhere in syria the deadline for destroying equipment used t
the u.n. arrob league tells the opposition they have to attend a peace conference. ♪ hello, i'm adrian and this is al jazeera live from doha and a power crisis in gaza as the territory runs out of fuel, the search for millions of missing people around the world and the discovery of what could be the largest masked grave from the bosnian war. >> get off my driveway. >> the mayor of the city under pressure under a crack smoking video. ♪ in the past couple hours the u.n. arab league told the opposition what it must attend peace talks in switzerland and they are trying to build a framework for negotiations to end the fighting and involving rebel fighters and politicians is difficult and the comments are a day after reports of an israeli air strike on a weapons basin side syria. >> i'm going to meet representatives from russia and the united states in what we call the tri-lateral and we have been working together for quite some time now. and i think that probably in the afternoon or the second day, the representatives of the rest of the p 5 will join us and other countries. there
're covering in detail in the next 60 minutes. the u.n.-syrian envoy arrives in damascus. >>> argentina's president loses ground midterm elections killing off her hopes of a third term in office. >>> demanding answers and e.u. delegation heads to washington on claims that the u.s. spied on leaders. >>> no planes, trains or angels. the crippling the u.s. transport system. >> we begin with syria and this number. 2,100,000. that is the total number of people, individuals, that the u.n.est hates has now fled syria because of war. that's on top of the 5 million who have been displaced but still within syria's borders. well, that figure comes as the latest diplomacies as they try tto drum up another round of talks. we're live from neighboring beirut. take us through what they're hoping to achieve. all right, i don't know if you can hear me. i hope you can. now in da mas damascus. what do me hope to achieve. >> reporter: more than anything he wants to hear from the syrian government what it would take for the syrian government to attend a geneva conference. he has been shuffling around the reg
to a recent u.n. report, in the two years of conflict syria has lost 35 years of human development progress. with the two million refugees, this is a national crisis that has become a regional crisis putting serious strains on the neighboring countries. behind these jarring statistics is the real toll on the syrian people, the kids who haven't gone to school for two years, the women who have endured rape and abuse and the 5 million internally displaced syrians who don't have a place to live or enough to eat. as the crisis has escalated, we have accelerated our humanitarian response. our assistance is now reaching about 4.2 million people inside syria and we're helping to support 2 million refugees. but the same stubborn challenges that i talked about seven months ago, access, security and resources continue to prevent us and others from reaching everybody who needs help to get it and things continue to escalate. in early october, fueled by the political momentum of the security council's resolution to eliminate the chemical weapons, the u.n. security council unanimously passed a presidentia
documents about the n.s.a., including information that the u.s. has spied on allies. if he returns to the u.s. he faces charges of espionage. he is in russia where he was granted asylum. >> a gunman involved in the killing at los angeles international airport talked to police. he told them he acted alone, the admission coming after he was shot by officers. he killed a t.s.a. employee and injured three others. the 23-year-old is facing murder charges and the death penalty. he's in critical condition and under 24 hour armed surveillance. >> an alabama airport is being reopened after a bomb threat. officials at birmingham-shuttlesworth international airport say they found a note warning of a pom in the main terminal -- of a bomb in the main terminal and called the federal bureau of investigation. after a sweep the airport was cleared. it was up and running two hours later. a dozen flight were delayed or diverted. passengers were briefly evacuated during the shutdown. >> while colder air is coming out of canada, into the united states we have wet, warm weather coming up into texas from the sout
a video said to show him smoking crack cocaine. >> joining us for a developing story out of syria, where u.n. arab league lakhdar brahimi has been speaking. he has been talking about efforts to end the war there, and plans for a conference in geneva. >> i am going meet representatives from russia and united states, our partners in the trilateral format - we have been working together for quite some time now. i think probably in the afternoon or the second day representatives of the rest of the p5 will join us and maybe other countries. there are some very, very serious efforts being developed everywhere to try and make this conference possible. but, you know, we will say it's happened only when it happens. >> that was lakhdar brahimi speaking a few moments ago in damascus. let's get some comment from our correspondent hoda who is in lebanon. >> as lakhdar brahimi tries to get all parties to sign up to the geneva ii conference, he says the syrian people continue to suffer. as many as a third of them are directly caught up in the conflict. >> he said the solution was more urgents now than neve
. >> there has not been a mass casualty here in the u.s. since 2001. that's not by luck. >> the head of the n.s.a. defiantly defending the spy agency. the general says gathering intelligence around the world is critical and helps to keep america safe from terrorists. >> the war raging in syria claiming some surprising new victims. children are being diagnosed with polio because they don't have access to adequate health care. >> it is reported that at 8:58 p.m., a huge object believing to be a meteor right fell on a farm. >> 75 years ago, martians innovated the planet or people listening to the radio thought they did. a look back at the war of the world broadcast that caused widespread panic across the country. >> good morning. welcome to aljazeera america. i'm stephanie sy. >> good to have you with us on this wednesday. two hours from now, the health and human services secretary will testify. >> many are saying she should be fired. >> kathleen see bellous will be asked to explain the failure of the health care website. we have more on what she might say today. >> good morning. you know, kathl
it today. it's part of syria's agreement with the u.n. to destroy all chemical facilities and weapons by mid-2014. we'll have more on syria, later in the program. china demanded an explanation today after reports that u.s. and australian embassies are being used as hubs for electronic spying. an account in the "sydney morning herald" said the intelligence collection is happening across southeast asia. in beijing, a foreign ministry spokeswoman delivered her government's reaction. we demand they abide by international convention and don't engage in actions that hurt china's national security and interest. >> woodruff: separately, the union representing german journalists advised its members to stop using google and yahoo, after reports that u.s. and british intelligence have tapped their data centers. we'll have more on the ongoing storm over surveillance, right after the news summary. kenya struck back today at militants in somalia who attacked a shopping mall in nairobi last month. the kenyan military said warplanes bombed and destroyed a training camp used by the islamist group al-s
reign down on the u.n. syria envoy says opposition and government must be represented at peace talks. first thailand's lower house part of the amnesty bill that may give the prime minister a way back and. >> can you get off my driveway? can you please get off my driveway? >> reporter: toronto mayor under pressure with a video showing him smoking crack cocaine. >> no reason to resign. ♪ we begin with an exclusive report from mali, a poor country in west africa that in the past year have seen fighters and rebels, right now in the capitol politicians are beginning talks on how to stabilize the north, but that maybe a vain hope and rebels tell us they will resume attacks on the army if it continues what it calls ethnic cleansing in an area they hope to turn into an independent state. our reporter mohamed went to meet them. >> it's a source of deep anger among the rebels. civilians crossing the border almost every week with wounds and stories of killing by the mali army. they tell al jazeera how they spent days in chains being beaten and verbally abused. they say soldiers arrested them
's director is denying the allegations. a diplomatic push is underway to end the war in syria. a u.n. special representative meets with ser vinnie president in an attempt to get him to participate in peace talks. >>> the red sox are world champions. >> for the first time in more than 90 years the boston red sox win the world series in front of the hometown faithful at fenway. ♪ ♪ >>> welcome to al jazerra america, i am stephanie sy. nearly a month after the roll out the government's health care website is still causing headaches for people who are unable to sign up for coverage. president obama is on the defensive and his health secretary has apologized, mike sresreuviqueira is in washingtoh the story. >> reporter: the website launch was called a did he back the. but the president went on offense defending the new health care law and drawing parallels with another high-profile launch that had its share of problems. before there was obama care, there was romney care. the massachusetts law that was a model for the affordable care act, visiting boston, president obama says the comparison sti
on destroying and dismantling the chemical weapons infrastructure supplied. today the u.n. confirms it has destroyed equipment syria used to make chemical weapons with. so far inspectors have visited 21 chemical sites identified by syrian authorities within the timeframe specified. the two remaining sites are in contested areas where the challenge of getting there is more difficult, but i hope ultimately can be succeeded at as well. let me conclude by saying i want to make clear my views at the outset, the united states cannot and should not be the key that resolves every dispute in this egion, but we have a very real strategic stake in this region to make sure that syria does not become a failed state. we need to increase our humanitarian assistance and insist on humanitarian access as well as increase our support communities hosting syrian refugees in lebanon and jordan and to getting others in the international community to live up to their responsibilities in this regard. calling on donor nations to join us in this time of greatest need, because syria is a global problem. we need an an
a crucial deadline. >> the next deadline is just a few weeks away. a former u.n. weapons investigator tells us about the challenges facing the syrian team. >> the vatican sends out a worldwide survey, catholic bishops polled on issues such as bird control and gay marriage. >> salmon are booming in numbers that haven't been seen in a century. how people have stepped in to help this once-threatened species. >> shock in the nfl's thursday night football game. the locally dolphins managed to upend the division leader, all up next in sports. (vo) tonight ... >> does the nsa collect any type of data on millions of americans? >> no sir. (vo) fault lines investigates what it's like to live under the watchful eye of the nsa. >> they know everything that you do, everything that you think, everything that you fear. they know how to manipulate and control you. the state has all the power. >> we have done more to destroy our way of life than the terrorists could ever have done. >> a senator under investigation and only al jazeera america is there. uncovering the corruption opening the files... >> are yo
referred to the use of chemical weapons in syria as a redline. he used obama's own words. the u.n. secretary general, jeff feldman, the highest ranking american at the united nations in the former assistant secretary for eastern affair and ambassador to lebanon was in iran in august talking to them prior to the u.s.-russia deal as things were being worked out. these things were being discussed. i interviewed foreign minister when he was in new york, and basically the headline was we have a history of use of chemical weapons. we have destroyed chemical weapons. we can help in the process. they sported the process all along. in fact a deputy foreign minister was in moscow when the agreement was announced. an interesting coincidence. them willing to help was in the process. while we're on the subject of syria. one of our writers, jeffrey aaronsohn said something fascinating about syria in a recent article. he said syria is the arena or where the basic prerequisite for progress on the u.s.-iran agenda recognizing core interests and facing mechanisms to safe guard them are being forged
for a year, and has been taken by the army a few days ago. on the u.n. side we are forming a team which will investigate. and from the results we'll tell you what was discovered. >> the government is investigating two. war crimes are common. the full story may never be uncovered. >> in northern yemen 58 people died in violent clashes between shia and sunni muslim groups. it began in the damaj province. fighting cast a shadow over reconciliation process. >> the leaders of serbia and kosovo are coming together hoping to bridge ethnic divisions during an election. not everyone is on board with the idea. >> for the people of kosovo, casting a ballot represents more than determining a winner. it's the first time polls covering the territory of kosovo has been organised by the government. serbia backed the vote, hoping it will smoth their path to the i -- smooth their path to the e.u. membership. in the southern part of the city, an influx of people entered a polling station to vote on who would be the next mayor. >> translation: these elections are important for kosovo. europe is asking for
to an end. they have made their pleasure known. one by not taking one of the non-permanent seats on the u.n. security council and by deciding not to take part in the certainn diplomatic or military exercises with ou the u.s. this is a chance for the saudis to express their concerns to kerry and also about iran. iran is trying t to assume a greater roll in international politics. >> kerry has to listen to their concerns and try to placate them as best he can. >> pictures of mohammad morsi have come out for the first time since he was do pose deposed. morsi is to stand trial tomorrow for charges of insighting murder and violence. egyptians moved the location of the trial today to avoid a mass rally. >> earlier i spoke to a middle east analyst who said kerry's influence in egypt may be limited. well the road map that was put in place by the transitional government does lead to a democratically elected new government that is expected to happen over the next several months. so as we move along the map, we are headed toward democracy at least electoral democracy. what actually happens in terms of
.k. and northern europe. >> mission diplomacy, the u.n. envoy arrives in damascus. about to urge everyone to peace talks. >>> find out why demonstrators in turk yi turkey are so angry. >>> welcome to the show. the white house says it's reviewing the way it gathers intelligence. it's considering putting additional constraints on its agencies, the announcement follows pressure from spain, france and germany after reports the u.s. spied on millions of their citizens. we can go straight now to washington, d.c, how seriously should we be thaig these comments from the -- taking these colts from the white house? >> as often is the case in the u.s., the min main issue is the bugging of world leaders, not the rest of us in the world. they pretty much take on as read that the u.s. can do whatever it wants. there are constitutional protections for international citizens, only for u.s. dissention, although of course there are problems with that. jay carney the white house press secretary says as far as angela merkel, the white house didn't know about angela merkel's bugging until this summer and he put a stop
, especially from from europe.t -- kuwait hosted the u.n. appeal conference last january and has itself contributed a little more than $300 million. notably, russia and china have contributed very small amounts. asre is a goal, especially we look at the extraordinary needs that continue to amount -- bring as many people into the financing of this humanitarian effort as possible. >> thank you, mr. chairman. >> senator rubio. >> let me begin before i ask my questions -- i don't want the tone of my questions or direction in any way not to reflect on my admiration for your service to our country. and not only that, where you have shown consistent interest in the syrian people. but we have a chance to ask a question about the strategy. let me begin with something i think i know the answer to. you have referred repeatedly how the future of the syrian people belongs to the syrian people. whatou also believe that happens there is in our vital national interest. senator, just the fact that syria has the risk of destabilizing the region and become a base for terrorism, absolutely. >> i just want
talks. the u.s. and n.a.t.o. troops withdraw from afghanistan next year. this is the fourth such meeting designed to bring stability to the region. >>> the syrian government said it will be attending the proposed two-peace conference meanwhile the hundreds fled the violence as the violence continues. >> reporter: spending a second day in damascus. the geneva two peace conference was thrown into doubt last week when rebel groups not only vowed to boycott it but to attack any who decide to attend. >> we are preparing for geneva two peace talks, and it will be the syrian parties who will decide the transitional period and what follows the transitional period. >> reporter: state television announced that brahini was told that the bashar al-assad government would be attending. but those in defiance said no negotiations will take place unless assad steps down first. >>> meanwhile on the ground the continued fighting is forcing more and more families to flee. close to the capital, hundreds of people picked up belongings they could and took off in foot in search of a place, any place that might
officials from getting a controversial wire tapping program re-authorized. >>> the u.n. special envoy to syria is back in damascus on its latest raft of shuttle did moment see, trying to bring together outside in the conflict for peace talks in geneva rob matheson has the story. >> reporter: once more he faces what many would call a near impossible task. a return to damascus try to muster any enthusiasm for finding a way out of syria's crisis. it's not just a matter of getting two sides to the table. before that he has to try to knit together a fractured rebel opposition, much of which doesn't even wants to be involved. >> the intimate national community wants to support the syrian regime in geneva too. they don't want to weaken them really. that's why we completely reject this conference. when it leads to a court for the crimes of assad then we will negotiate. but first there has to be real and effective statement on this. in the absence of political solution, the military solution is the only one on the table. >> reporter: else ielsewhere ina the deadline for di destroying chemical
,000 have been displaced within the country, according to the u.n. ref eej has been found in niger, mauritania and neighbouring places. northern mali and the people remaining are found to be ipp accessible. they can't get to them pause of the preps of heavily -- presence of heavily armed groups. we visited some of those refugees. >> the school at the refugee camp? southern mauritania should have started on 1 october. the schools are not ready. so this is where and how children spend their time. the other place is this one. at this medical center worried mothers come to seek assistance for their sick babies. the numbers of diseases is alarming m children are dying. this woman brought her sick daughter. >> he was sick, i brought him here. they five him food bags. then they stopped. i begged them to give him treatment. he refused. >> doctors without borders runs a place for malnutrition in the camp. >> since january we raved a flow of refugees in northern mali. in may the situation is to improve. we have high rates of 300 new cases every month. if nothing is done, those children may
the opposition. james bays says they are on the way to trying to end the civil war. >> the u.n. special representative lakhdar brahimi meeting with syria's president bashar al-assad - part of efforts to organise a peace conference after more than 2.5 years of bloodshed. his mission is proving difficult. assad's government says it will go to the geneva conference, but behind the scenes it's believed to be setting all sorts of conditions. and the syrian opposition is deeply divided over even whether to attend. >> we don't see anything encouraging, and that would lead us to leave that this is - in fact the other side is serious. you hear from many of our groups statements questioning the process. as we said before, we are committed to any political solution leading to the democratic transition. >> there is a date set for the peace talks - november the 22nd. will they take place? what do you think now are the chances of getting the peace conference under way in november. >> there's only two ways of ending the conflict. one is military victory, and the other is to have a negotiated process
-assad would amount to an act of treason. to u.n. arab league envoy syria, lakhdar brahimi, is visiting damascus today in a bid to drum up support for the geneva talks. general as secretary- well as the arab league secretary-general and also me, we all believe the geneva conference is natural and is fruitful,as well as so we are hopeful that this invitation is made to iran. >> at least 66 people were killed sunday in more than a dozen bombings across iraq. the latest violence comes ahead of the iraqi prime minister's visit to washington this week. he is seeking speedier delivery of u.s. weaponry, including drones and f-16 jets. the obama administration is asking congress to hold off on new sanctions against iran. at a white house meeting, top officials asked for the continued delay of the senate banking committee measure targeting iranian oil. the administration wants to stall the new sanctions pending the outcome of ongoing talks over iran's nuclear program. in an interview with voice of america, the lead u.s. negotiator on iran said she expects congress to ck it sanctions pause. >> we
humanitarian assistance which has gone to the u.n. and multilateral agencies, some of which goes through the syrian government. point?s that your caller: pretty much. thank you. guest: the issue of lethal , lethal sport to the syrian armed opposition is done covertly through the cia. because of the nature of the know the exactt nature of what is being sent or how much. there have been allegations that things have started to move more towards the end of august into september. it's not clear how much is going. the are advocating that program should become a pentagon program, which would make it more open and make it much more robust. point,aura makes this when was the last time you heard our government say that assad must go? guest: now the gears have shifted towards diplomacy, first with a joint framework with the russians that led to a un security council resolution to read syria of its chemical weapons. beings also more work done with the russians to see if we can rejuvenate the geneva process. while i think we have been clear that the geneva process in the u.s.'s interpretation should
an old picture of the u.n. secretary- general and pasted it against the background of tropical trees and african landscapes that had been intended for lumumba. you can now buy the portrait of lumumba on the cover of time that never got to the cover of time. >> can you also see the cover and see the background? >> absolutely. it is quite incongruous. he should have been portray trade against a very different background. you've got the background of lumumba but the picture of this scandinavian diplomat. >> you point out in your book that ho chi minh was in new york and worked in new york as a pastry chef for a while. here is some video of him. i want you to put him in context. >> ho chi minh is of the blood sweat and tears school. you don't fight a revolution for 30 years without being of the blood sweat and tears school. they are much more competent than that. i am very much afraid that if ho chi minh were to make up his mind, that this is the war to see through, then he might be the man to see it through. >> a shrewd communist revolutionary. the united states made it clear its willin
brought iran to the table. we're grateful imposing tough set of sanctions. u.n. as well as country sanctions as well. we are, however, at a very serious moment in these negotiations. they are serious, substantive and offer possibility we can stop advance of iran's nuclear program and gain transparency and negotiate long-term comprehensive solution. so what we've asked is not stop potential for sanctions we believe it's important and enforcing all on the books but we've asked for a pause, to give us just a few weeks to see if we can get a first step agreement that would stop advance of iran's nuclear program. we don't think waiting a few weeks should hurt the effort here. in fact, i have said to iran and have used it as leverage in the negotiation that we've asked congress for a pause. if iran moves forward, then that pause can be there. if iran does not move forward, then well, of course, continue our strong partnership as we have today with the congress to impose new sanctions. this is really not a sanctions vote. this is a negotiation vote. this is a vote for a peaceful resolutio
is staggering. according to a recent u.n. report, in the two years of conflict, syria has lost 35 years of human development progress. ,ith the 2 million refugees this is a national crisis that has become a regional crisis about putting serious strains on neighboring countries. there is a toll on the syrian people, the kids who have not gone to school for two years, women who've endured rape and abuse, and the 5 million displaced syrians who do not have a place to live or enough to eat. at the crisis has escalated, we have accelerated a response, and our assistance is now reaching about 4.2 million people inside syria, and we are helping to support 2 million refugees. the same stubborn challenges that i talked about seven months ago, access, security, and resources, continued to prevent us and others from reaching everybody who needs help to get continues toed escalate. in early october, field by the momentum of the resolution to eliminate the chemical weapons, un security council unanimously passed a presidential statement on humanitarian access. this statement urges all parties to the conflict
together quickly -- fairly quickly to the surprise of many people a set of deals with u.n. resolution which is now being implemented. to me this opens the door to a number of opportunities. i will quickly sketch them out. certainly we have worked together, and steve might mention this, in cooperative threat reduction on cooperation in the destruction of chemical weapons stockpiles. that experience, i think, can parlay itself into some very useful technical cooperation in this process. i think the u.s. will probably not want to send people to syria. the president said no boots on the ground, although this is the -- this is different than the use of force in a military attack mode. nevertheless, i think we should cooperate to the greatest extent possible in our common technical approach to the area. secondly, if it is necessary, and i believe in some cases it will be, particularly if some weapons will be transported out for destruction, we have a cease-fire. my own view is a cease-fire is an important step if it can be implemented and maintained. it is, indeed, a significant step that could b
a decade ago when he was japan's ambassador to the u.n. nuclear energy. director amano will start his second term as the head of the iaea after taking the helm in 2009. he has starred the agent -- stamped the agency with his own style. in that spirit, i hope we can have a good session with my questions and with the audience's. first, getting follow up on this meeting which you had with iranian deputy foreign minister and then it was a meeting of the two sides, the atmosphere of the talks, as you said, was better. but the question is, when will we see concrete progress such as a visit to the parchin site? >> yes, we had a meeting with iran on the 28th and 29th of october. this is the second meeting between iran and iaea after mr. rouhani became the president. and the first one took place at the end of september. it was a get to know each other meeting. last meeting was a very positive meeting, and there was some -- it was productive, and there were some positive developments. and important ting that there was a change. -- thing that there was a change. there was a change of tone, yes,
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